National symbols

– Flag:  Argentina’s flag has 3, three equally wide horizontal bands: light blue white and white with the Sun  in the center. It was created by Manuel Belgrano and was first raised at the city of Rosario on February 27, 1812. The sun refers to “Sol de Mayo “(Sun of May) because it alludes to the start of the Independence Revolution of the countries that formed Virreinato del Río de la Plata.(incorporated into the flag in 1816).


Argentina flag.


-The Coat of Arms of Argentina (Escudo Nacional) was officially declared to be a national symbol in March 1813. At the top of the Argentinian coat of arms is the golden Sun of May, The two hands  symbolize the togetherness among the people of Argentina (integration of the people of Argentina). The red hat ( called gorro frigio in spanish) symbolizes liberty, equality and sacrifice.The laurel branches at the sides stand for victory and glory.

-Escarapela – Cockade of Argentina. An escarapela is a little piece of ribbon ( blue/light blue and white) that one attaches to one’s clothes with a pin during national holidays. (25th of May – 9 th of July). It started being used to show unity and organization on 25th May, 1810 when people fought against the spanish. In 1812, it was declared to be a national symbol.

-Motto: “En unión y libertad” “In Unity and Freedom


National Anthem
written by Vicente López y Planes
the music was by Blas Parera.
Oíd mortales, el grito sagrado:
“¡Libertad! ¡Libertad! ¡Libertad!”
¡Oíd el ruido de rotas cadenas,
ved del trono a la noble Igualdad!

Ya su trono dignísimo abrieron
las Provincias Unidas del Sud.
Y los libres del mundo responden
¡Al gran Pueblo Argentino salud!


Sean eternos los laureles
que supimos conseguir:
coronados de gloria vivamos
o juremos con gloria morir.

-National flower and tree:

Ceibo: Erythrina crista-galli.The tree grows between 8 and 10 meters high, it has carmine red flowers and a crooked trunk.It was declared the National Flower of the Republic of Argentina in  1942. It  blooms from the months of November to February.

National bird:

Hornero: Furnarius rufus.The Rufous Hornero  is the national bird of Argentina, you can find it  in the entire northern part of the country.
It is probably from this bird’s nest that the family derives its name, constructed mud like an oven –  the name of the bird is a derivative of the spanish word for oven, horno.