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History of Argentina

The period from 16th to 18th centuries saw the advent of the people from Europe and the consequent takeover
of the territory of Argentina by Spanish colonizers. This period also saw the arrival of the immigrants from Africa,
Spain and Europe thereby resulting in the appearance of varied cultures. These people mainly inhabited Argentina’s
capital city, which is well known as Buenos Aires.
in the early 19th century Britain endeavored to capture the capital city of Argentina, but without any success.
After that with the result of the May uprising in the year 1810, the power came in the hands of the Junta government.
Finally, Argentina attained freedom from the colonial rule of Spain on 9th July of the year 1816, with the official formalities performed by Jose de San Martin, a prominent leader devoted to achieving independence for the countries of South America.

This phase continued to exist till 1945 making Argentina occupy one of the first ten
leading positions of the wealthiest countries across the world. Then the military administration replaced the civilian
governments till the year 1983. Due to their inability to accept repugnance from the left front, the ‘Dirty War’ took
place, which greatly affected the economy and the political system of the country. Then the year 1983 witnessed the
resurgence of the democratic ideals with a comeback of the Junta civilian government.

 

José Francisco de San Martin (1778-1850), born in Yapeyú in the Province of Corrientes, Argentina.When José was seven years old, his father was recalled to Spain. He attended good schools, where hejoined the army as a cadet at the young age of eleven. By seventeen he was a lieutenant and had seen action in North Africa and France.

At the age of nineteen he was serving with the Spanish navy, fighting the British on several occasions. When France invaded Spain in 1806 he fought against them on several occasions, eventually rising to the rank of Adjutant-General.He commanded a regiment of dragoons, very skilled light cavalry.

He serves in the army of Spain during the wars against the French and in 1808 he fights in the battle of Baylen against Napoleon´s army.

In September of 1811, San Martin boarded a British ship in Cadiz with the intention of returning to Argentina, joining the Independence movement there.He arrived in Argentina in March of 1812 and at first he was greeted with suspicion by Argentine leaders, but he soon proved his loyalty and ability.
On February 3rd, 1813, the Mounted Grenadiers fought and won their first combat, near the ravines of San Lorenzo, against the Spanish disembarkation
army that arrived with several ships from the port of Montevideo.

In January of 1814, San Martin takes control of the North Army, from the hands of its
former general, Belgrano, that had returned defeated from the Alto Peru

Argentine General, statesman, and national hero who led the revolutions against Spanish rule in Argentina(1812),Chile (1818), and Perú (1821).

In Argentina he is considered among the founding fathers of the nation.